Excavation of Foundation in Water Logged Sites

Excavation of Foundation in Water Logged Sites Excavation of foundation in water logged sites poses a great problem for the site engineer. There are various methods...

Cofferdam – Types of Cofferdam

Cofferdam - Types of Cofferdam A cofferdam may be defined as a temporary structure that is constructed on a river or a lake or any...

Grillage Foundations – Steel & Timber Grillage

Grillage Foundation - Steel & Timber Grillage Grillage foundation is used when heavy structural loads from columns, piers or stanchions are required to be transferred...

Methods of Site Exploration

The methods commonly adopted for site exploration are: (i) Test pits (ii) Probing (iii) Sub-surface sounding (iv) Boring (v) Geo-physical method.

Composite Piles

Composite Piles Composite Piles are those piles of two different materials are driven one over the other, so as to enable them to act together...

Probing

Probing In the probing method of site exploration, a steel bar of 25 to 40 mm. in diameter with a pointed end is driven in...

Termite- Soil Treatment for Foundations

Termite Treatment for Foundations This termite treatment consists in treating the soil under the building and around the foundations with some chemical emulsion which can...

Setting out of Foundations

Setting out of Foundations Before Commencement, of the excavation of trenches for foundation, a setting out plan is prepared on paper. The setting out plan...

Depth and Spacing of Trial Pits or Bore Holes

Depth and Spacing of Trial Pits or Bore Holes The location and the spacing of trial pits or bore holes for a particular site require...

Foundations in Black Cotton Soils

Foundations in Black Cotton Soils: The following methods are generally adopted to meet the characteristics of foundations in black cotton soils,   (1) Foundation loads are limited...