Bricks

Efflorescence in Brick Work

Efflorescence in Brick Work When soluble salts are present in huge quantities in the bricks or in the mortar, they absorb moisture from air or during construction progress and are brought to the surface in solution and deposited in concentrated patches either in the form of white...

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Brick Ballast

Brick Ballast Brick ballast is made of first class well burnt or slightly over-burnt brick-bats to 40 mm gauge for foundations and floor concrete and 25 mm gauge for roof concrete. No under-burnt or “jhama” bricks (over-burnt porous) should be used. About 390 to 420 9-inch br...

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Uses of Bricks

Uses of Bricks Some of the different uses of bricks are as follows, 1 The first class and second class bricks are used for permanent structures. These structures include, buildings, dams, roads, bridge piers, etc., 2. The first class bricks are also used for architectural effects...

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Types of Bricks

Types of Bricks Some of the different types of bricks are, (1) Bullnose brick: A brick moulded with a rounded angle is termed as a bullnose. It is used for a rounded quoin. A connection which is formed when a wall takes a turn is known as a quoin. The centre of the curved portion...

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Reinforced Brick Masonry

Reinforced Brick Masonry Brick work strengthened by introduction of mild steel flats, hoop iron, expanded mesh or bars is termed as reinforced brick masonry. This reinforced brick masonry is capable of resisting both compressive as well as tensile and shear stress. On account of ...

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Dimensions or Size of Bricks

Dimensions or Size of Bricks The bricks are prepared in various sizes. The custom in the locality is the governing factor for deciding the dimensions or size of bricks. Such bricks which are not standardized are known as the traditional bricks. If bricks are large, it is difficul...

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Classification of Bricks

Classification of Bricks The classification of bricks is as follows: (i) unburnt or sun-dried bricks; and (ii) burnt bricks. The unburnt or sun-dried bricks are those bricks which are  dried with the help of heat that is received from sun after the process of moulding. The unbur...

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Test for Bricks

Test for Bricks A brick is generally subjected to the following tests to find for the construction work, (1) Absorption (2) Crushing strength (3) Hardness (4) Presence of soluble salts (5) Shape and size (6) Soundness (7) Structure   (1) Absorption: A brick is taken and it i...

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Types of Brick Bonds

Types of Brick Bonds Some of the different types of brick bonds are, 1. English bond, 2. Flemish bond, 3. Stretching bond, 4. Heading bond, 5. Garden wall bond, 6. Facing bond, 7. Raking bond, 8. Dutch bond, 9. English cross-bond, 10. Zig-Zag bond, 11. Silverlock’s bond. For En...

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Flemish Bond – Brick Masonry

Flemish Bond – Types of Flemish Bond In Flemish bond, each course consists of alternate headers and stretchers. The alternate headers of each course are centered over the stretchers in the course below. Every alternate course starts with a header at the corner. For the brea...

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